### MDF & Alpha

MDF & Alpha Minimum Defence Frequency and Alpha are metrics on poker that determine how wide someone needs to defend facing a certain bet size. If you defend too wide, then your opponent can own you with value bets. If you defend too tight, then they can run you over with bluffs. So a good…

### What are Pot Odds in poker?

What are Pot Odds in poker? Pot odds tell you what portion of the pot you need to win to justify a call. This metric is easy to calculate and is a tool every player should have in their tool belt. In this article, we’ll review the fundamentals of Pot Odds, how to calculate them,…

### Visualizing implied odds

Visualizing implied odds Implied odds are a key metric when it comes to poker theory. You may have heard the term, and developed a baseline understanding of the idea, however, the concept has evolved a lot in the solver era. What are implied odds? Implied odds are the value you expect to gain over and…

### ICM Basics

ICM Basics As a tournament player, you may have heard about the concept of “ICM”, but what does this actually mean? The Independent Chip Model (ICM) is a mathematical formula that converts your tournament stack into a monetary value. This formula was first applied to poker by Mason Malmuth in 1987. The model uses stack…

### What is Equity in Poker?

What is Equity in Poker? The term “Equity” is ubiquitous throughout poker theory. Equity refers to your chances of winning a hand, assuming the pot gets checked down. In simple terms, equity refers to your “piece of the pie”. In this article, we’ll discuss: Types of equity comparisons The Rule of 4 & 2 Introduction…

### What is Expected Value in Poker?

What is Expected Value in Poker? Expected value (EV) is the most fundamental metric in poker. Every decision you make is underpinned by one common goal – to maximize return. In order to do that, you need to weigh the long-term profitability of each and every action you take. Expected value is how much you…

### Why doesn’t my solution match GTO Wizard?

Why doesn’t my solution match GTO Wizard? So, you’ve got your own solutions to some spot, compared it to GTO Wizard, and noticed that the strategy isn’t the same. So what’s going on here? Shouldn’t you get the exact same results? This is one of the most common questions we get on the GTO Wizard…

### Understanding Nash Distance

Understanding Nash Distance One of the most common questions when studying with solvers is “Why does the solver take this action when that action is higher EV”? For example, in this scenario below we can see checking is a higher EV than betting, yet the solution wants to bet this hand: Example of solver noise…