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MDF & Alpha

MDF & Alpha Minimum Defence Frequency and Alpha are metrics on poker that determine how wide someone needs to defend facing a certain bet size. If you defend too wide, then your opponent can own you with value bets. If you defend too tight, then they can run you over with bluffs. So a good…

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What are Pot Odds in poker?

What are Pot Odds in poker? Pot odds tell you what portion of the pot you need to win to justify a call. This metric is easy to calculate and is a tool every player should have in their tool belt. In this article, we’ll review the fundamentals of Pot Odds, how to calculate them,…

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Does your range affect your strategy?

Does your range affect your strategy? Advanced players will often tell you that your range affects your strategy. They’ll tell you that you’re playing range-vs-range, and that you need to think about your overall range rather than only looking at your hand. While this is undoubtedly good advice, it leads to a widespread misconception about…

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Visualizing implied odds

Visualizing implied odds Implied odds are a key metric when it comes to poker theory. You may have heard the term, and developed a baseline understanding of the idea, however, the concept has evolved a lot in the solver era. What are implied odds? Implied odds are the value you expect to gain over and…

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ICM Basics

ICM Basics As a tournament player, you may have heard about the concept of “ICM”, but what does this actually mean? The Independent Chip Model (ICM) is a mathematical formula that converts your tournament stack into a monetary value. This formula was first applied to poker by Mason Malmuth in 1987. The model uses stack…

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What is Equity in Poker?

What is Equity in Poker? The term “Equity” is ubiquitous throughout poker theory. Equity refers to your chances of winning a hand, assuming the pot gets checked down. In simple terms, equity refers to your “piece of the pie”. In this article, we’ll discuss: Types of equity comparisons The Rule of 4 & 2 Introduction…

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Range Morphology

Range Morphology A natural step in the thought process from novice to advanced player is the ability to think in ranges. This can often seem like a daunting task, but it becomes much easier when you start thinking of ranges as structures rather than trying to visualize all 1326 combinations of starting hands in your…

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What is Expected Value in Poker?

What is Expected Value in Poker? Expected value (EV) is the most fundamental metric in poker. Every decision you make is underpinned by one common goal – to maximize return. In order to do that, you need to weigh the long-term profitability of each and every action you take. Expected value is how much you…