### Short-Stacked Play in MTTs

Playing a short stack well is an essential tournament skill. It is extremely rare to win a…

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# Articles

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Short-Stacked Play in MTTs

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When To Ladder in Tournaments

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How Payout Structures Impact ICM

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C-Betting IP in 3-Bet Pots

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C-Betting OOP in 3-Bet Pots

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Dynamic Sizing: A GTO Breakthrough

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Dynamic Sizing Benchmarks

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Understanding The Impact Of Field Size On ICM In Poker

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Defending vs BB Check-Raise on Paired Flops

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Mastering PKO Final Tables

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Attacking Paired Flops From the BB

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KK vs QQ vs JJ at WSOP Main Event

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Responding to BB Squeezes

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Crushing a Top HUNL Poker Bot

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GTO Wizard AI Explained

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GTO Wizard AI Benchmarks

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Table Management in PKOs

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Overcalling From the BB

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Understanding Which Mistakes Cost You the Most Money

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Overbetting The Flop in Cash Games

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Using New Skills at the Poker Table

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Flatting Ace-X Hands Shortstacked

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Playing Limped Pots as the BB in MTTs

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The Absurd Game Theory of Chopped Boards

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Playing Limped Pots as the SB in MTTs

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The Art of Learning Poker

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Is Donk Betting for Donkeys?

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Delayed C-Betting

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Probe Betting

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ICM and Blind Battles: The Big Blind

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ICM and Blind Battles: The Small Blind

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The Initial Bettor’s Advantage

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Mastering the Chiplead: The Scalpel and the Sledgehammer

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Flop Heuristics: IP C-Betting in Cash Games

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How ICM Impacts Restealing From The Blinds

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The ICM Benefits of Late Registration in Poker Tournaments

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Flop Heuristics: OOP C-Betting in MTTs

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Counterintuitive Calls

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How To Negotiate Final Table Deals

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How does ICM impact PKO strategy?

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Understanding Blockers in Poker

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Flop Heuristics: IP Cold-Caller in MTTs

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Flop Heuristics: IP C-Betting in MTTs

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Flop Heuristics for Defending the Blinds in MTTs

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Multiway strategy in Progressive Knockout Tournaments

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How To Calculate Raises In Poker

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Principles of River Play

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Exploitative Dynamics

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How ICM Impacts Postflop Strategy

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10 Tips for Multiway Pots in Poker

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What is the Bubble Factor in poker tournaments?

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The Theory of Progressive Knockout Tournaments

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How To Analyze Turn Textures In Poker

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Principles of Turn Strategy

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Poker Strategies: Tournaments vs Cash Games

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How Solvers Work

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The Most Powerful Play in Poker

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When does ICM become significant in MTTs?

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How to Study GTO Solutions

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Principles of GTO

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Interpreting Equity Distributions

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What is Leverage in poker?

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Reasons for value betting in poker

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The Science of Poker Performance

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What is Valor in poker?

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Pot Geometry

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A Beginner’s Guide to Poker Combinatorics

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Stack-to-pot ratio

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Equity Realization

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Variance and Bankroll Management

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How to Become a GTO Wizard

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The Three Laws of Indifference

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Poker subsets and abstractions

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Mathematical Misconceptions in Poker

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How to solve toy games

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The Value of Fold Equity – Experiment

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MDF & Alpha

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What are Pot Odds in poker?

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Does your range affect your strategy?

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Visualizing implied odds

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ICM Basics

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What is Equity in Poker?

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Range Morphology

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What is Expected Value in Poker?

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Why doesn’t my solution match GTO Wizard?

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Understanding Nash Distance

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Combinatorics Poker Puzzle

###
The 10 Most Important Concepts for New Poker Players

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What is GTO in Poker?

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What does GTO aim to achieve?

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Playing a short stack well is an essential tournament skill. It is extremely rare to win a…

18/09/2023
10 min. / 19 sec.

In my last two articles, I wrote about the effect field size and payout structure have on…

12/09/2023
16 min. / 26 sec.

Last time we discussed the ICM considerations in game selection, we looked at field size, which has…

11/09/2023
14 min. / 29 sec.

When you three-bet before the flop and the original raiser calls from out of position, you have…

05/09/2023
10 min. / 7 sec.

Continuation betting from out of position can be a dicey proposition in single-raised pots. Cold calling ranges…

04/09/2023
7 min. / 15 sec.

Dynamic Sizing is a revolutionary new poker algorithm that automatically simplifies your strategy with the highest EV…

21/08/2023
9 min. / 23 sec.

Dynamic Sizing is a revolutionary new poker algorithm that automatically simplifies your strategy with the highest EV…

21/08/2023
8 min. / 54 sec.

When people talk about game selection in multi-table tournaments (MTTs), they invariably talk about the number of…

15/08/2023
11 min. / 42 sec.

This is a companion piece to Attacking Paired Flops from the BB; you will get more out…

14/08/2023
14 min. / 54 sec.

Final tables can be the most exciting and rewarding phase of a tournament, and being able to…

08/08/2023
13 min. / 33 sec.

Paired flops present unique challenges to both a preflop raiser and a BB caller. The difficulty of…

01/08/2023
9 min. / 54 sec.

With only fourteen players remaining in the 2023 WSOP Main Event and blinds of 400K/800K/800K, Joshua Payne…

25/07/2023
9 min. / 40 sec.

You open raise, someone calls, and the BB squeezes. How should you construct your strategy? Once there…

24/07/2023
10 min. / 35 sec.

In 2022, Philippe Beardsell and Marc-Antoine Provost, a team of Canadian programmers from Quebec, developed the most…

19/07/2023
6 min. / 7 sec.

We are excited to introduce GTO Wizard AI, formerly known as Ruse, the world’s best and fastest…

19/07/2023
5 min. / 33 sec.

GTO Wizard has combined the power of artificial intelligence with traditional solving methods to bring you high-quality…

19/07/2023
8 min. / 10 sec.

Perhaps the most important strategic consideration in Progressive Knockout Tournaments (PKOs) is making sure you cover your…

11/07/2023
14 min. / 16 sec.

In poker, overcalling refers to calling a bet or raise after another player has also called. Should…

05/07/2023
11 min. / 52 sec.

I am fortunate enough to have worked for many years with the mental game coach Jared Tendler,…

03/07/2023
17 min. / 41 sec.

Although most commonly analyzed on turns and rivers, flop overbetting can be a devastating weapon that generates…

27/06/2023
8 min. / 48 sec.

How many times has it happened to you that you make a mistake only to realize immediately…

26/06/2023
12 min. / 0 sec.

Playing out of position is tricky, but it’s an essential part of tournament play. With so much…

20/06/2023
7 min. / 24 sec.

Success as the BB in limped pots begins before the flop. The BB’s equilibrium strategy at all…

19/06/2023
8 min. / 28 sec.

A “chopped board” in poker is one where the community cards make up the best 5-card hand…

13/06/2023
9 min. / 56 sec.

MTT confrontations between the small blind and big blind force no-limit players into uncomfortable situations, compelling them…

29/05/2023
9 min. / 27 sec.

In his book The Art of Learning, chess and Push Hands champion Josh Waitzkin describes a training…

16/05/2023
5 min. / 46 sec.

“Donk betting”, or betting from out of position into the player who was the aggressor on the…

15/05/2023
11 min. / 58 sec.

This is a companion piece to Probe Betting. It stands on its own, but understanding how to…

09/05/2023
9 min. / 7 sec.

As far as rules of thumb go in poker, “check to the raiser” is a pretty good…

08/05/2023
7 min. / 22 sec.

This is a companion piece to this article on the SB’s strategy for blind vs blind play…

02/05/2023
7 min. / 15 sec.

ICM incentivizes more conservative play, which means that at stages of the tournament where risk premiums are…

01/05/2023
6 min. / 26 sec.

The mathematics of poker holds a little-known secret: the first bettor enjoys better bluffing odds than someone…

25/04/2023
5 min. / 41 sec.

When you have a lot of chips at a final table or in another situation with extreme…

24/04/2023
8 min. / 49 sec.

Our never-ending quest for money and fame leads us to the flop. We open the button, the…

18/04/2023
10 min. / 54 sec.

When I first started working with preflop solves, one of the features I found most striking was…

17/04/2023
9 min. / 39 sec.

Why do so many professional poker players register late for tournaments when they clearly would enjoy a…

10/04/2023
11 min. / 49 sec.

Playing against an in-position cold-caller is dramatically different–and dramatically more difficult–than playing against a caller from the…

04/04/2023
9 min. / 21 sec.

Solver outputs such as those provided by GTO Wizard are models of no-limit hold ‘em, not a…

03/04/2023
9 min. / 55 sec.

Most people’s first introduction to the Independent Chip Model (ICM) is not from studying bubble play or…

27/03/2023
10 min. / 32 sec.

If you have read The Theory of Progressive Knockout Tournaments you already know why we can play…

23/03/2023
20 min. / 27 sec.

Often when looking through a solver’s meticulously crafted grid of deception, one of the following questions arises:…

14/03/2023
11 min. / 35 sec.

A Cold-call refers to the act of calling a preflop raise when you don’t close the action…

13/03/2023
5 min. / 25 sec.

In the world of poker, the flop is a crucial stage of the game that sets the…

07/03/2023
8 min. / 38 sec.

The field of Game Theoretically Optimal poker is extensive, and thus, to simplify our strategy, we frequently…

06/03/2023
8 min. / 42 sec.

Progressive Knockout (PKO) tournaments are much more complex than traditional MTTs. The fact that players are incentivized…

28/02/2023
13 min. / 8 sec.

One of the most frequently asked questions in poker is how to calculate the size of a…

27/02/2023
2 min. / 49 sec.

The river offers the least complicated strategy of any betting street. With no further cards to come,…

21/02/2023
10 min. / 35 sec.

GTO solutions are designed to be unexploitable, performing reasonably well no matter how your opponents play. They…

20/02/2023
12 min. / 24 sec.

Most players understand how the Independent Chip Model (ICM) in poker impacts their strategy preflop, especially at…

14/02/2023
14 min. / 5 sec.

While lots of work has been placed into research and explanation of heads-up pot strategy, multiway pots…

13/02/2023
15 min. / 12 sec.

The Independent Chip Model (ICM) shows us the real money implications of tournament chip decisions. Most players…

07/02/2023
12 min. / 33 sec.

In poker, a PKO (Progressive Knockout) tournament is a type of tournament where a portion of the…

06/02/2023
10 min. / 55 sec.

Master the art of turn analysis in poker. Understand how the turn card changes the dynamics of…

31/01/2023
8 min. / 42 sec.

Learn the principles of turn strategy in poker and discover what makes the turn unique. Understand how…

30/01/2023
8 min. / 27 sec.

Tournament poker is not as different from cash game poker as people sometimes assume. Most of what…

24/01/2023
13 min. / 13 sec.

A Game Theory Optimal solver is an algorithm that calculates the best possible poker strategy. But how…

23/01/2023
13 min. / 32 sec.

The central strategic implication of stack depth is the question of how much equity a player must…

17/01/2023
5 min. / 11 sec.

The Independent Chip Model (ICM) was invented in 1987 by M. Malmuth and is one of the…

05/01/2023
18 min. / 0 sec.

Tools like GTO Wizard and other solvers should not be used to memorize specific strategies. There are…

02/01/2023
6 min. / 37 sec.

Game theory, or GTO (for Game Theoretically Optimal), is best understood not as a rigid set of…

19/12/2022
11 min. / 21 sec.

GTO Wizard’s range vs range equity distribution graphs are an excellent tool for visualizing which player has…

13/12/2022
7 min. / 4 sec.

Leverage refers to the risk of future betting. When you call a bet on the flop or…

08/12/2022
7 min. / 3 sec.

You’re probably accustomed to thinking of bets as either value or bluff. In this taxonomy, value bets…

06/12/2022
6 min. / 25 sec.

Poker is a game of small edges and big swings. Every hand is an investment into your…

05/12/2022
17 min. / 11 sec.

Can a poker hand be courageous? How does your ability to value bet future streets impact your…

02/12/2022
7 min. / 46 sec.

“Pot Geometry” refers to betting an equal fraction of the pot on each street, such that you’re…

22/11/2022
7 min. / 23 sec.

Combinatorics is a fancy term for evaluating the number of possible “combinations” (combos) of any given hand:…

21/11/2022
8 min. / 55 sec.

Stack-to-pot ratio, or SPR, is a way of measuring how deep the effective stack is and thus…

17/11/2022
7 min. / 9 sec.

In poker jargon, equity expresses how much of the pot a hand will win, on average, at…

16/11/2022
10 min. / 43 sec.

Variance and Bankroll Management. Vital Soft Skills for Every Poker Player.

05/10/2022
11 min. / 0 sec.

Welcome to the wonderful world of game theory optimal poker! This article will serve as your roadmap…

27/09/2022
9 min. / 45 sec.

Indifference in poker is one of the most misunderstood concepts. The word “indifference” means that two or…

11/10/2022
10 min. / 43 sec.

An “abstraction” is a way to simplify the game of poker. This game is so complex that…

19/09/2022
9 min. / 6 sec.

Pot Odds and MDF are foundational mathematical formulas in poker.

14/07/2022
8 min. / 6 sec.

Poker is a complicated game. It’s impossible to calculate GTO strategies on the fly. By reducing it…

11/07/2022
12 min. / 9 sec.

The term “fold equity” is ambiguous in the poker community. Firstly, it’s an EV equation, not an…

04/07/2022
7 min. / 3 sec.

MDF & Alpha. Minimum Defence Frequency and Alpha are metrics on poker that determine how wide someone…

01/07/2022
12 min. / 9 sec.

Pot odds are a fundamental calculation in poker. In the simplest terms, pot odds tell you that…

28/06/2022
11 min. / 31 sec.

Advanced players will often tell you that your range affects your strategy.

23/06/2022
10 min. / 38 sec.

Implied odds are the value you expect to gain over and above your raw equity. You can…

20/06/2022
8 min. / 14 sec.

As a tournament player, you may have heard about the concept of “ICM”, but what does this…

16/06/2022
10 min. / 46 sec.

The term “Equity” is ubiquitous throughout poker theory. Equity refers to your chances of winning a hand,…

13/06/2022
11 min. / 28 sec.

“Morphology” is the study of form or structure. You’ve probably heard terms thrown around such as “linear”,…

07/06/2022
12 min. / 38 sec.

Expected value (EV) is the most fundamental metric in poker. Every decision you make is underpinned by…

01/06/2022
10 min. / 47 sec.

So, you’ve got your own solutions to some spot, compared it to GTO Wizard, and noticed that…

30/05/2022
10 min. / 5 sec.

Understanding Nash Distance. One of the most common questions when studying with solvers is “Why does the…

26/05/2022
5 min. / 43 sec.

Today we have a special puzzle for you that will test your intuition as a poker player,…

23/05/2022
3 min. / 24 sec.

The 10 Most Important Concepts for New Poker Players. Fundamentals are one of the most important points…

19/05/2022
10 min. / 9 sec.

The meaning of GTO in poker is Game Theory Optimal. Game theory is a study of mathematical…

17/05/2022
5 min. / 36 sec.

So what exactly is a GTO strategy? What makes it “unexploitable”? What does it try to achieve?…

09/05/2022
5 min. / 20 sec.