### Visualizing implied odds

Visualizing implied odds Implied odds are a key metric when it comes to poker theory. You may have heard the term, and developed a baseline understanding of the idea, however, the concept has evolved a lot in the solver era. What are implied odds? Implied odds are the value you expect to gain over and…

### ICM Basics

ICM Basics As a tournament player, you may have heard about the concept of “ICM”, but what does this actually mean? The Independent Chip Model (ICM) is a mathematical formula that converts your tournament stack into a monetary value. This formula was first applied to poker by Mason Malmuth in 1987. The model uses stack…

### What is Equity in Poker?

What is Equity in Poker? The term “Equity” is ubiquitous throughout poker theory. Equity refers to your chances of winning a hand, assuming the pot gets checked down. In simple terms, equity refers to your “piece of the pie”. In this article, we’ll discuss: Types of equity comparisons The Rule of 4 & 2 Introduction…

### Range Morphology

Range Morphology A natural step in the thought process from novice to advanced player is the ability to think in ranges. This can often seem like a daunting task, but it becomes much easier when you start thinking of ranges as structures rather than trying to visualize all 1326 combinations of starting hands in your…

### What is Expected Value in Poker?

What is Expected Value in Poker? Expected value (EV) is the most fundamental metric in poker. Every decision you make is underpinned by one common goal – to maximize return. In order to do that, you need to weigh the long-term profitability of each and every action you take. Expected value is how much you…

### Why doesn’t my solution match GTO Wizard?

Why doesn’t my solution match GTO Wizard? So, you’ve got your own solutions to some spot, compared it to GTO Wizard, and noticed that the strategy isn’t the same. So what’s going on here? Shouldn’t you get the exact same results? This is one of the most common questions we get on the GTO Wizard…

### Understanding Nash Distance

Understanding Nash Distance One of the most common questions when studying with solvers is “Why does the solver take this action when that action is higher EV”? For example, in this scenario below we can see checking is a higher EV than betting, yet the solution wants to bet this hand: Example of solver noise…

### Combinatorics Poker Puzzle

Combinatorics Poker Puzzle Today we have a special puzzle for you that will test your intuition as a poker player, and challenge your understanding of combinatorics. Six players go all-in preflop with a range of (QQ+, AK). Questions: Can QQ win the pot? If so, how? Can KK win the pot? If so, how? Would…