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### How To Analyze Turn Textures In Poker

Master the art of turn analysis in poker. Understand how the turn card changes the…

### Principles of Turn Strategy

Learn the principles of turn strategy in poker and discover what makes the turn unique.…

### Poker Strategies: Tournaments vs Cash Games

Tournament poker is not as different from cash game poker as people sometimes assume. Most…

### How Solvers Work

A Game Theory Optimal solver is an algorithm that calculates the best possible poker strategy.…

### The Most Powerful Play in Poker

The central strategic implication of stack depth is the question of how much equity a…

### When does ICM become significant in MTTs?

The Independent Chip Model (ICM) was invented in 1987 by M. Malmuth and is one…

### How to Study GTO Solutions

Tools like GTO Wizard and other solvers should not be used to memorize specific strategies.…

### Principles of GTO

Game theory, or GTO (for Game Theoretically Optimal), is best understood not as a rigid…

### Interpreting Equity Distributions

GTO Wizard’s range vs range equity distribution graphs are an excellent tool for visualizing which…

### What is Leverage in poker?

Leverage refers to the risk of future betting. When you call a bet on the…

### Reasons for value betting in poker

You’re probably accustomed to thinking of bets as either value or bluff. In this taxonomy,…

### The Science of Poker Performance

Poker is a game of small edges and big swings. Every hand is an investment…

### What is Valor in poker?

Can a poker hand be courageous? How does your ability to value bet future streets…

### Pot Geometry

“Pot Geometry” refers to betting an equal fraction of the pot on each street, such…

### A Beginner’s Guide to Poker Combinatorics

Combinatorics is a fancy term for evaluating the number of possible “combinations” (combos) of any…

### Stack-to-pot ratio

Stack-to-pot ratio, or SPR, is a way of measuring how deep the effective stack is…

### Equity Realization

In poker jargon, equity expresses how much of the pot a hand will win, on…

### Variance and Bankroll Management

Variance and Bankroll Management. Vital Soft Skills for Every Poker Player.

### How to become a GTO Wizard

Welcome to the wonderful world of game theory optimal poker! This article will serve as…

### The Three Laws of Indifference

Indifference in poker is one of the most misunderstood concepts. The word “indifference” means that…

### Poker subsets and abstractions

An “abstraction” is a way to simplify the game of poker. This game is so…

### Mathematical Misconceptions in Poker

Pot Odds and MDF are foundational mathematical formulas in poker.

### How to solve toy games

Poker is a complicated game. It’s impossible to calculate GTO strategies on the fly. By…

### The value of fold equity – experiment

The term “fold equity” is ambiguous in the poker community. Firstly, it’s an EV equation,…

### MDF & Alpha

MDF & Alpha. Minimum Defence Frequency and Alpha are metrics on poker that determine how…

### What are Pot Odds in poker?

Pot odds are a fundamental calculation in poker. In the simplest terms, pot odds tell…

### Does your range affect your strategy?

Advanced players will often tell you that your range affects your strategy.

### Visualizing implied odds

Implied odds are the value you expect to gain over and above your raw equity.…

### ICM Basics

As a tournament player, you may have heard about the concept of “ICM”, but what…

### What is Equity in Poker?

The term “Equity” is ubiquitous throughout poker theory. Equity refers to your chances of winning…

### Range Morphology

“Morphology” is the study of form or structure. You’ve probably heard terms thrown around such…

### What is Expected Value in Poker?

Expected value (EV) is the most fundamental metric in poker. Every decision you make is…

### Why doesn’t my solution match GTO Wizard?

So, you’ve got your own solutions to some spot, compared it to GTO Wizard, and…

### Understanding Nash Distance

Understanding Nash Distance. One of the most common questions when studying with solvers is “Why…

### Combinatorics Poker Puzzle

Today we have a special puzzle for you that will test your intuition as a…

### The 10 Most Important Concepts for New Poker Players

The 10 Most Important Concepts for New Poker Players. Fundamentals are one of the most…

### What is GTO in Poker?

The meaning of GTO in poker is Game Theory Optimal. Game theory is a study…

### What does GTO aim to achieve?

So what exactly is a GTO strategy? What makes it “unexploitable”? What does it try…